WHAT IS GLAUCOMA?
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness throughout the world, affecting millions of people. Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve. The optic nerve is the cable that sends messages from the eye to the brain. Damage to the optic nerve can irreversibly affect your vision. Glaucoma is a serious and potentially blinding condition that affects your vision so slowly you don't even realize that damage is occurring. By the time visual glaucoma is noticed, the effects are advanced and irreversible. The key to preserving vision is to detect glaucoma early. There are a number of effective glaucoma treatments available to preserve vision and prevent blindness.
WHAT CAUSES GLAUCOMA?
There are multiple causes for glaucoma. Increasing eye pressure is the most common. If the drainage passage inside the eye is mechanically blocked or isn't functioning correctly, the clear fluid inside the eye, the aqueous humor, builds up. This causes increased pressure inside the eye that can damage the optic nerve.
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF GLAUCOMA?
Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma. In this condition, the drainage passage inside the eye is open but is not functioning correctly. Fluids build up inside the eye causing the pressure to rise.
WHAT IS RECOMMENDED?
Because most people with glaucoma have no early symptoms or pain from increased pressure, it is important to see your ophthalmologist regularly so glaucoma can be diagnosed and treated before long-term vision loss occurs. If you are over the age of 40 and have a family history of glaucoma, you should have a complete eye exam with an ophthalmologist every 1 to 2 years. If you have health problems such as diabetes you are at risk for other eye diseases and may need to visit your eye doctor more frequently.
HOW IS GLAUCOMA TREATED?
The primary goal in treating glaucoma is to lower the pressure inside the eye. Increased pressure is caused by a buildup of the aqueous humor, or clear fluid, inside the eye. To control the pressure we can either decrease the production or increase the outflow of aqueous humor. This is accomplished by different means depending on each patients situation. To learn more, please contact our office and schedule an appointment.